Each type of mining equipment comes with its own set of mining activities. The most common types of mining equipment vary depending whether the work is being carried out above or below ground or mining for gold, metals, coal or crude oil.
Heavy equipment could be divided into four major components: Earth-moving equipment; Construction vehicles; Material handling; Construction Equipment; There are many others and several variations of a construction equipment, but the ones listed below are the most common ones used by contractors.
There are four main mining methods: underground, open surface (pit), placer, and in-situ mining. Underground mines are more expensive and are often used to reach deeper deposits. Surface mines are typically used for more shallow and less valuable deposits.